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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
 
The Play Specialist in the Pediatric Healthcare: Evidence-Based Professionalism, Issues in Practice, and Training Across Different Countries 
Perasso G.1,2
 
1 University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy
2 Il Porto dei Piccoli Onlus, Italy

      

Abstract

For developmental psychologists, playing is a crucial parameter to monitor children and adolescents’ physical, emotional, cognitive, and executive development and wellbeing. In the psychotherapy setting, play is a promotor of positive therapeutic change because it allows the child to express beliefs, memories, wishes, feelings, and subconscious contents, from a safe and indirect point of view. Play is a fundamental human right during the whole life cycle, and it becomes even more important for those children and adolescents who are hospitalized or experiencing medical treatments at home (European Association for Children in Hospital, 1988). Entering a medical setting can elicit children’s and adolescents’ distress on many levels (e.g., anxiety, depression, hypochondria, acting out, externalizing, and internalizing problems) since their familiar routine is temporarily disrupted.

The aim of the study. To foster scientific community consideration about the Play Specialist role, paying attention to the state of the art, the international field of practice, the evidence supporting the effectiveness of the Play Specialist intervention, the main challenges, and the everyday issue that these professionals have to face to gain proper integration in the national and international healthcare system.

 

 

 

Keywords

Play, hospital, children, play specialist, training

 

 

  

References

Bandstra, N. F., Skinner, L., Leblanc, C., Chambers, C. T., Hollon, E. C., Brennan, D., & Beaver, C. (2008). The role of child life in pediatric pain management: A survey of child life specialists. The Journal of Pain, 9(4), 320–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2007.11.004 

Bricher, G. (2000). Children in the hospital: Issues of power and vulnerability. Pediatric Nursing, 26(3), 277–282. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12026391/ 

Burns-Nader, S., & Hernandez-Reif, M. (2016). Facilitating play for hospitalized children through child life services. Childrens Health Care, 45(1), 121. https://doi.org/10.1080/02739615.2014.948161 

European Association for Children in Hospital. (1998). The EACH Charterhttps://www.each-for-sick-children.org/each-charter 

Francischinelli, A. G. B., Almeida, F. D. A., & Fernandes, D. M. S. O. (2012). Routine use of therapeutic play in the care of hospitalized children: Nurses’ perceptions. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 25(1), 1823. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002012000100004 

Gill, C. (2010). Helping children cope with renal disease: the role of play specialist. Journal of Renal Nursing2(5), 244–247.  https://doi.org/10.12968/jorn.2010.2.5.78490 

Goh, G., Edmonds, L., & Christos, J. (2019). Development and evaluation of play specialist documentation in a New Zealand hospital. Nursing Children and Young People, 31(2), 32–36. https://doi.org/10.7748/ncyp.2019.e1144 

Lindqvist, I. (1974). Play as therapy. Pediatrician3, 295–300. 

Metzger, T., Mignogna, K., & Reilly, L. (2013). Child life specialists: Key members of the team in pediatric radiology. Journal of Radiology Nursing32(4), 153159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jradnu.2013.08.001 

Perasso, G., Maggiore, A., Allegri, C., & Camurati, G. (2020). Telematic intervention based on the Play Specialist approach in the COVID-19 era: Benefits for parents of children with clinical conditions. International Journal of Preventive Health and Medicine1(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijpmh.A2005.111120 

Porto dei Piccoli. (202129 January)1st International Round Table on Playing in the Hospital. https://www.ilportodeipiccoli.org/it-it/round-table-e-play-specialist/ 

Simonelli, I., Raúl, M., Bennett, S., Clarke, A., Fernandes, G. A. I., Fløtten, K., Maggi, S., Robinson, J. E., Simonelli, F., Vaghri, Z., Webb, E., & Goldhagen, J. (2014). A rights and equity-based “Platform and Action Cycle” to advance child health and well being by fulfilling the rights of children. Canadian Journal of Children’s Rights, 1(1), 199–218. https://doi.org/10.22215/CJCR.V1I1.11 

Ullan, A. M., & Belver, M. H. (2019). Integrative pediatrics and child care play as a source of psychological well-being for hospitalized children: Study Review. Integrative Pediatrics and Child Care, 2(1), 92–98. https://doi.org/10.18314/ipcc.v2i1.1613

 

 
 
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Information about the author:

Perasso Giulia – https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3265-3869This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Neuroscience, Data Science, Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy; Research Consultant, Porto dei Piccoli Onlus, Genoa, Italy.

 
 
 
Cite this article as:

 

APA

Perasso, G. (2021). The Play Specialist in the pediatric healthcare: Evidence-based professionalism, issues in practice, and training across different countriesInternational Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 45–47. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.7

Harvard


Perasso, G., 2021. "The Play Specialist in the pediatric healthcare: Evidence-based professionalism, issues in practice, and training across different countries". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp. 45–47. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.7.pdf

Vancouver


Perasso G.. The Play Specialist in the pediatric healthcare: Evidence-based professionalism, issues in practice, and training across different countries. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1): 45–47. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.7.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.7

 
 
 
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
 
A Topical Methodology Research Subject in the European Area of Higher Education: ELF, EFL or ESP? 
Maslov Y. V.1
 
1 Belarusian State Economic University, Belarus

      

Abstract

The European “ecosystem” of higher education seems to have been affected by the global pandemic in a number of ways. Some of these impacts may well be viewed as negative; some others, as giving a new impetus to the development of the entire educational system. It is evident, for instance, that the dire necessity to “go virtual” has created new avenues for the intensification of contacts between educators who previously were less motivated to do so (Magomedov et al. 2020, Melnyk et al., 2020).
That clearly manifests the fact that the ongoing process of transformations taking place in national higher education systems across Europe has not slowed down at all, which has made some of the current cultural and educational challenges even more pressing. One such challenge is the necessity to effectively use ELF (English as a lingua franca).
Researchers working in post-communist countries have made valuable contributions to linguistic studies, especially in the area of EFL studies, as these countries clearly belong to the so-called Expanding Circle. However, the social and cultural realities of today call for more focus not on EFL studies but on research in the field of ELF and ESP (English for Specific Purposes). It is explained by the fact that the ability to use ESP is now a highly desirable skill for the majority of professionals working in the post-communist part of Europe.

 
 
 
Keywords
 
university teaching, English as a lingua franca (ELF), English as a foreign language (EFL), English for specific purposes (ESP), methodology
 
 
  
References

 

Barančicová, J., & Zerzová, J. (2015). English as a lingua franca used at international meetings. JoLaCe Journal of Language and Cultural Education, 3(3), 30–51. https://doi.org/10.1515/jolace-2015-0018

Cogo, A. (2016). English as a Lingua Franca in Europe. In A. Linn (Ed.), Investigating English in Europe: Contexts and Agendas (pp. 79–89). De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614518952-014

Hiver, P., & Al-Hoorie, A. H. (2016). A dynamic ensemble for second language research: Putting complexity into practice. The Modern Language Journal, 100(4), 741–756. https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12347

Jenkins, J. (2009). English as a Lingua Franca: interpretations and attitudes. World Englishes. 28(2), 200–207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.2009.01582.x

Magomedov, I. A., Khaliev, M.S-U., & Khubolov, S. M. (2020). The negative and positive impact of the pandemic on education. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1691, 012134. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1691/1/012134

Mammadova, T. (2020). Exploring English language teaching in post-soviet era countries perspectives from Azerbaijan. Routledge.

Maslov, Y. V. (2005). Poetic impulse as means to produce healthier communication in English. Prace Naukowe Akademii im. Jana Dlugosza w Czestohowie: Kultura Fizyczna, 6, 201–211.

Maslov, Y. V. (2016). Foreign-language training at tertiary level: In search for “Principled eclecticism”. Visnyk Chernihivskoho natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu – Bulletin of Chernihiv National Pedagogical University, 141, 117–120. http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/VchdpuP_2016_141_29

Melnyk, Yu. B., Pypenko, I. S., & Maslov, Y. V. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic as a factor revolutionizing the industry of higher education. Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, 12(5). https://doi.org/10.21659/rupkatha.v12n5.rioc1s19n2

 
 
 
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Information about the author:

Maslov Yury Vsevolodovich https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5715-6546; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Belarusian State Economic University, Minsk, Belarus.

 
 
 
Cite this article as:

 

APA

Maslov, Y. (2021). A Topical Methodology Research Subject in the European Area of Higher Education: ELF, EFL or ESP? International Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 43–44. http://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.6

Harvard


Maslov, Y., 2021. "A Topical Methodology Research Subject in the European Area of Higher Education: ELF, EFL or ESP?". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp. 43–44. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.6.pdf

Vancouver


Maslov Y. A Topical Methodology Research Subject in the European Area of Higher Education: ELF, EFL or ESP?. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1): 43–44. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.6.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.6

 
 
 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
 
Psychological Well-Being of COVID Positive Patients During Quarantine in a South Indian Private Hospital 
Chakrabarti S.1
 
1 Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India

      

Abstract

Background: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to unparallel hazards to mental health globally. Many countries around the world have introduced quarantine measures. Quarantine has changed not only the plans of most people, but also their way of life. The greatest impact of quarantine is experienced by COVID positive patients who are isolated in a hospital. The aim of the study: to explore psychological well-being of COVID positive patients during quarantine in a private hospital. Materials and Methods: In this study, 100 patients who were COVID positive were requested to fill the Quality of Life Questionnaire. A pre-validated questionnaire was used to assess the depression score amongst COVID positive patients. The analysis of the answers and respondent opinions was conducted using the Pearson method, which produced statistically relevant results. Results: The studied aspects of mental health patients: sleep, appetite, crying spells; happiness and hope for the future; ability to concentrate and focus and getting disturbed easily by trivia; support received from family and friends; overall outlook of life and ability to stay happy in solitude. As a result, qualitative indicators of the patients’ mental health during quarantine in a private hospital were obtained. Conclusions: The data obtained showed that patients managed to stay happy and eat well but they talked less, had disturbed sleep and did not look forward towards a hopeful future. Some were able to shake away the blues with family, friends on Online Media but some got depressed and got crying spells and thought that their life was a failure. The study concluded that patients on quarantine were often depressed. Many patients might benefit if psychological counselling and support are employed during quarantine measures.

.

 
 
 
Keywords
mental health, psychological well-being, quarantine, pandemic, COVID-19
 
 
  
References

Anand, K. B., Karade, S., Sen, S., & Gupta, R. M. (2020). SARS-CoV-2: Camazotz’s curse. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 76(2), 136–141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mjafi.2020.04.008

Asmundson, G. J. G., & Taylor, S. (2020). Coronaphobia: Fear and the 2019-nCoV outbreak. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 70, 102196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102196

Asmundson, G. J. G., & Taylor, S. (2020). How health anxiety influences responses to viral outbreaks like COVID-19: What all decision-makers, health authorities, and health care professionals need to know. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 71, 102211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102211

Brooks, S. K., Dunn, R., Amlôt, R., Rubin, G. J., & Greenberg, N. (2018). A systematic, thematic review of social and occupational factors associated with psychological outcomes in healthcare employees during an infectious disease outbreak. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(3), 248–257. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001235

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, V. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, 395(10227), 912–920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8

Duan, L., & Zhu, G. (2020). Psychological interventions for people affected by the COVID-19 epidemic. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), 300–302. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30073-0

Fiorillo, A., & Gorwood, P. (2020). The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and implications for clinical practice. European Psychiatry, 63(1), E32. https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.35

Hanna, F., Barbui, C., Dua, T., Lora, A., van Regteren Altena, M., & Saxena, S. (2018). Global mental health: how are we doing? World Psychiatry, 17(3), 367–368. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20572

Huang, Y., Wang, Yu., Wang, H., Liu, Z., Yu, X., Yan, J., Yu, Y., Kou, C., Xu, X., Lu, J., Wang, Z., He, S., Xu, Y., He, Y., Li, T., Guo, W., Tian, H., Xu, G., Xu, X. … Wu, Y. (2019). Prevalence of mental disorders in China: A cross-sectional epidemiological study. The Lancet Psychiatry, 6(3), 211–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30511-X

Kang, L., Li, Y., Hu, S., Chen, M., Yang, C., Yang, B. X., Wang, Y., Hu, J., Lai, J., Ma, X., Chen, J., Guan, L., Wang, G., Ma, H., & Liu, Zh. (2020). The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7, E14. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30047-X

Lima, C. K. T., Carvalho, P. M. M., Lima, I. A. A. S., Nunes, J. V. A. O., Saraiva, J. S., de Souza, R. I., da Silva, C. G. L., & Neto, M. L. R. (2020). The emotional impact of Coronavirus 2019-nCoV (new Coronavirus disease). Psychiatry Research, 287, 112915. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112915

Melnyk, Yu. B., Stadnik, A. V., & Pypenko, I. S. (2020). Resistance to post-traumatic stress reactions of vulnerable groups engaged in pandemic liquidation. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(1), 35–44. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2020.1.5

Nicola, M., Alsafi, Z., Sohrabi, C., Kerwan, A., Al-Jabir, A., Iosifidis, C., Agha, M., & Agha, R. (2020). The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): A review. International Journal of Surgery, 78, 185–193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.04.018

Park, S.-C., & Park, Y. C. (2020). Mental health care measures in response to the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak in Korea. Psychiatry Investigation, 17(2), 85–86. https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2020.0058

Rajkumar, R. P. (2020). COVID-19 and mental health: A review of the existing literature. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 102066. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102066

Shigemura, J., Ursano, R. J., Morganstein, J. C., Kurosawa, M., & Benedek, D. M. (2020). Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 74(4), 281–282. https://doi.org/10.1111/pcn.12988

Vyas, K. J., Delaney, E. M., Webb-Murphy, J. A., & Johnston, S. L. (2016). Psychological impact of deploying in support of the US response to Ebola: A systematic review and meta-analysis of past outbreaks. Military Medicine, 181(11-12), e1515–1531. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-15-00473

Xiong, J., Lipsitz, O., Nasri, F., Lui, L. M. V., Gill, H., Phan, L., Chen-Li, D., Iacobucci, M., Ho, R., Majeed, A., & McIntyre, R. S. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the general population: A systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 277, 55–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.08.001

Zandifar, A., & Badrfam, R. (2020). Iranian mental health during the COVID-19 epidemic. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 101990. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.101990

Zhang, Y., & Ma, Z. F. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life among local residents in Liaoning Province, China: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7), 2381. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072381

 

 
 
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Information about the author:

Chakrabarti Sudakshina https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1344-8317; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Doctor of Medicine, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Covid Duty Doctor, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India.

 
 
 
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APA

Chakrabarti, S. (2021). Psychological well-being of COVID positive patients during quarantine in a South Indian Private Hospital. International Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 34–41. http://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.5

Harvard


Chakrabarti, S., 2021. "Psychological well-being of COVID positive patients during quarantine in a South Indian Private Hospital". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp. 34–41. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.5.pdf

Vancouver


Chakrabarti S. Psychological well-being of COVID positive patients during quarantine in a South Indian Private Hospital. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1): 34–41. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.5.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.5

 
 
 
 
 
Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2021 
Melnyk Yu. B.1,2
 
1 Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”, Ukraine
2 Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine

 

 

Abstract

Dear Readers and Authors,

It is a great honor for us to publish the International Journal of Science Annals (IJSA) for the fourth year in a row.

IJSA is an academic periodical peer-reviewed indexed Journal that provides a scientific platform for presenting and discussing new trends and issues in Social and Behavioral Sciences.

IJSA mission: international cooperation of scientists conducting research in the field of integration of human sciences and health.

IJSA Editorial Board includes the most authoritative scientists from 17 countries, 5 continents in the fields of Education, Psychology, Medicine.

For 3.5 years of its existence, the IJSA is presented in more than 35 international scientometric databases, repositories and search engines, such as Crossref System, Google Scholar, OAJI (USA); ISSN, ROAD (France); COPE, EndNote, OpenDOAR, CORE, Jisc (UK); DOAJ, Scilit (Switzerland); Publons (New Zealand); ERIH PLUS, OpenAIRE (Norway); BASE, ResearchGate, ASI (Germany); MIAR (Spain); Index Copernicus International (Poland); DRJI (India); RSCI (Russia); OUCI, National Library of Ukraine (Ukraine), etc.

It is a great honor and responsibility for the IJSA to become a full member of the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) (https://is.gd/COPE_IJSA)

The IJSA is indexed in: ICI ICV 91.27; ICDS 3.5; CGIJ OAJI 0.251

 

 

 

Keywords

International, Journal, Website, Modernization, Integration, KRPOCH Publishing

 

 
 
 
References
 

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2018). Academic Journal Site Model. https://doi.org/10.26697/Preprint.Melnyk.1.2018

 

 
 
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Information about the author:

Melnyk Yuriy Borysovych https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8527-4638; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health” (KRPOCH); Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine

 
 
 

Cite this article as:

 

APA


Melnyk, Yu. B. (2021). Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2021. International Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 5–6. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.1

Harvard


Melnyk, Yu. B., 2021. "Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp.5–6. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.1.pdf

Vancouver


Melnyk Yu. B. Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1):5–6. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.1.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.1
 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
 
Developing the Instructions for the Controlled Association Experiment by Means of Semantic Features for the Stimulus “Flirting Person”
Gordienko-Mytrofanova I. V.1, Hohol D. M.1, Nesterenko M. A.1
 
1 H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Ukraine

 

Abstract

Background: This article continues a series of studies devoted to ludic competence/playfulness and one of its components is flirting. The aim of the study: in the context of parametric concept of meaning, to identify on the basis of applied psycholinguistic research the semantic components of the stimulus “flirting person”, which are actualized in the speech acts of Russian-speaking inhabitants of Ukraine. Material and Methods: The main method of the research is a psycholinguistic experiment whose major stage is the controlled association experiment with the stimulus “flirting person”. The sample comprised 215 young people (aged 21-35), of which 112 females and 103 males. Results: At the final stage of formulation of the instructions 23 semantic features were selected for the stimulus “flirting person”. The results of the controlled association experiment with the stimulus “flirting person” allowed to build 23 associative fields and obtain the material for describing the behaviour pattern of ludic position Diplomat (flirting person) reflecting the reality of linguistic consciousness of young Russian-speaking inhabitants of Ukraine. Conclusions: Cluster analysis of the associative field of the semantic feature “What is the person’s marital status?” allowed to define: three core clusters – “Free” (71.16%), “In a relationship” (14.42%), “Any” (3.72%); three peripheral clusters – “Qualities” (3.26%), “Emotional State” (3.26)%, “Role in family relations” (1.40%); extreme peripheral clusters – “Changeable” (0.93%); an isolated female reaction “Guy” suggests an ambiguous interpretation and allows to highlight different meanings – “Gender” and “Age”.

 
 
 
Keywords

ludic competence, playfulness, ludic position, flirting person, psycholinguistic experiment, controlled association experiment, youth

 
 
  
References

Barnett, L. A. (1990). Playfulness: definition, design, and measurement. Play and Culture, 3, 319–336.

Betcher, R. W. (1981). Intimate play and marital adaptation. Psychiatry, 44(1), 13–33. https://doi.org/10.1080/00332747.1981.11024088

Bern, E. (2017). Igryi, v kotoryie igrayut lyudi: Psihologiya chelovecheskih vzaimootnosheniy. Lyudi, kotoryie igrayut v igryi: Psihologiya chelovecheskoy sudbyi [Games people play: The Psychology of human relationships. People who play games: The Psychology of human destiny]. FAIR–PRESS [in Russian].

Bowman, J. R. (1987). Making work play. In G. A. Fine (Ed.), Meaningful play, playful meanings (pp. 61–71). Human Kinetics.

Bundy, A. C. (1996). Play and playfulness: What to look for. In D. L. Parham & L. S. Fazio (Eds.), Play in occupational therapy for children (pp. 52–66). Mosby.

Chapman, J. A. (1978). Playfulness and the development of divergent thinking abilities. Child: Care, Health and Development, 4(6), 371–383. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.1978.tb00096.x

Chick, G., Yarnal, C., & Purrington, A. (2012). Play and mate preference: Testing the signal theory of adult playfulness. American Journal of Play, 4(4), 407–440.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975). Play and intrinsic rewards. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 15(3), 41–63. https://doi.org/10.1177/002216787501500306

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Information about the authors:

Gordienko-Mytrofanova Iya Vladimirovnahttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5332-0663; Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Department of Psychology, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Hohol Denis Mykhailovich (Corresponding Author) – https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4594-0720; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Master of Arts in Psychology, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Nesterenko Margarita Alekseevna https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8772-134X; Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

 
 
 
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APA


Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. V., Hohol, D. M., & Nesterenko, M. A. (2021). Developing the instructions for the controlled association experiment by means of semantic features for the stimulus “flirting person”. International Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 22–32. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.4

Harvard


Gordienko-Mytrofanova, I. V., Hohol, D. M., & Nesterenko, M. A., 2021. "Developing the instructions for the controlled association experiment by means of semantic features for the stimulus “flirting person”". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp. 22–32. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.4.pdf

Vancouver


Gordienko-Mytrofanova I. V., Hohol D. M., Nesterenko M. A. Developing the instructions for the controlled association experiment by means of semantic features for the stimulus “flirting person”. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1): 22–32. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.4.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.4

 
 
 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
 
Motivation and Decision in Choosing Civil Services as a Career of Fourth-Year Students at Chiang Mai University due to the COVID-19 Pandemic 
Lhakard P.1
 
1 National Chengchi University, Taiwan

      

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 epidemic is affecting the work of people around the world including students who have to graduate and to decide in choosing a civil servant career. The aim of the study: to explore the motivating factors influencing the decision for the 4th year students of Chiang Mai University to enter the civil service during the COVID era. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University. The sample in this study consisted of 362 people. Multiple regression analysis was used to find a linear equation that expressed the relationship between motivating factors and decision-making. Results: The findings of this research showed that choosing civil services as a career of fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University during the COVID-19 outbreak was high with an average of 3.60. According to hypothesis testing, the factors affecting levels of favorable decision in choosing a civil service career were statistically significant at the 0.05 level in descending order as follows: security, compensation and benefits, values, career path and job characteristics. The influence of personal factors on choosing civil service jobs were not significantly different at the 0.05 level, except the family income factor that influences choosing civil service jobs. Conclusions: It was found that personal factors which consisted of gender, domicile, grade point average and average family income per month affecting different government career choices and factors in motivation in deciding to choose a government career containing job characteristics, compensation factor and welfare factors career advancement factors, security factor and value factors had a negative effect on the level of decision-making on the choice of civil service careers.

 
 
 
Keywords
motivation, civil servant, career choice, Chiang Mai University, COVID-19
 
 
  
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Information about the author:

Lhakard Polwasit https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3617-9044; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; PhD Scholar, International Doctoral Program in Asia-Pacific Studies, College of Social Science, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan.

 
 
 
Cite this article as:

 

APA


Lhakard, P. (2021). Motivation and decision in choosing civil services as a career of fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University due to the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 8-14. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.2

Harvard


Lhakard, P., 2021. "Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp. 8-14. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.2.pdf

Vancouver


Lhakard P. Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1): 8-14. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.2.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.1

 
 
 
 
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