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Article Review “Phenomenological Perspective in Researching Immigrant Children’s Experience”, authors Batuchina A., Straksiene G.
Alaverdov E. V. (Reviewer) 1
1 Georgian Technical University, Georgia


The article of Batuchina and Straksiene “Phenomenological Perspective in Researching Immigrant Children’s Experience” has been published in the International Journal of Science Annals, Vol. 2, No. 1-2, 2019. Migration became one of the most acute problems of the modern world, which involves both political and social spectrums and became a very complex problem, which is very difficult to study from the Phenomenological Perspective. Everyone is well aware that to manage such large surges of migrants is practically impossible, as, for the scientists, they even do not have a united approach to the research of this unsolved phenomenon. For certain reasons people, in most cases, families have to change their dwelling spaces, to move from one country or city to another. Without even considering the physiological stress of the family members, especially children or elderlies. Among the many problems, which migrants face in a host country the most acute one is an adaptation. There is a mistaken perception that children adapt to every novelty and situation easily than adults, however, in this regards children are the most vulnerable. Here the problem is that in most cases, children are not even listed, since parents are concerned about searching for jobs and finding the ways to adapt to a new space.  The authors explain that the meaning of migration is minimized for children and that adults do not pay attention to it. However, the experience of grown-ups draws significant attention.


children, immigrant, experience, social phenomenon, unfamiliar country


Batuchina, A., & Straksiene, G. (2019). Phenomenological Perspective in Researching Immigrant Children’s Experience. International Journal of Science Annals, 2(1-2), 26–32. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2019.1-2.04






Information about the author:

Alaverdov Emilia Vidiatovna –; Doctor of Social Science, Associate Professor, Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Cite this article as:

Alaverdov, E. V. (2020). Article Review “Phenomenological Perspective in Researching Immigrant Children’s Experience”, authors Batuchina A., Straksiene G. International Journal of Science Annals, 3 (2), 41-42. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.8

Article Review “Sensorimotor Criteria for the Formation of the Autonomic Overstrain of the Athletes’ Cardiovascular System”, authors Romanchuk O. P., Guzii O. V.
Polianska O. S. (Reviewer) 1
1 Bukovinian State Medical University, Ukraine


The paper of Romanchuk and Guzii on “Sensorimotor criteria for the formation of the autonomic overstrain of the athletes’ cardiovascular system” has been published in the International Journal of Science Annals, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2020.

The problem of diagnosticating states of fatigue, cardiovascular overstrain and overtraining is important in the practice of current athletes examinations. This allows you to detect early signs of pathological states, which do not only limit the ability of sport perfection but also can lead to the development of critical states. The authors introduce into the training process of highly qualified athletes methods of spiroarteriocardiorhythmography (SACR) and computerized motion meter (CCM), which are express multifunctional methods of studying the cardiorespiratory and sensorimotor systems and can be used in the “field”. Algorithm for determining the autonomic regulation overstrain of the cardiovascular system, based on the well-known method that was suggested by Shlyk, is especially noteworthy. Based on determining the type of the heart rate autonomic regulation before, after and the next morning after training, the authors identified options that clearly characterize the autonomic regulation overstrain by sympathetic and parasympathetic type. It is shown that such options occur in about 10% of cases among highly qualified athletes. Namely, they are found in 19 out of 202 studied people. Of course, it would be appropriate to conduct other instrumental, hematological and biochemical studies that would characterize the proper humoral status of athletes.


sensorimotor criteria, critical states, cardiovascular system, diagnosticating, athletes


Romanchuk, O. P., & Guzii, O. V. (2020). Sensorimotor criteria for the formation of the autonomic overstrain of the athletes’ cardiovascular system. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(1), 46–53. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.1.6






Information about the author:

Polianska Oksana Stepanivna –; Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Professor of Department of Internal Medicine, Physical Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Bukovinian State Medical University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine.

Cite this article as:

Polianska, O. S. (2020). Article Review “Sensorimotor criteria for the formation of the autonomic overstrain of the athletes’ cardiovascular system”, authors Romanchuk O. P., Guzii O. V. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(2), 39-40. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.7

COVID-19 Worries and Opportunities
Sabra Zizi E. I.1
1 Fayoum University, Egypt

With the middle of March 2020 the news of breakout of the pandemic had been assured around the world, spreading the uncertainty and worry in a very ambiguous atmosphere all over the world (World Health Organization, 2020b). World health organization with the group of 20 (G-20) and United Nations (UN) at 26 of March 2020 committed collaboration in facing the pandemic (Khashaba, 2020). All countries including Egypt worked according to the recommendation of the World health organization plan in facing this pandemic, taking into account the safety rules in all sectors of the society (World Health Organization, 2020a) up to date efforts to help control and manage the COVID-19 and NCOVID-19. As a part of Information and Decision Support Center – Egyptian Cabinet keenness on spreading public opinion awareness, the center is publishing a newsletter about the implications of the new Corona-Virus, with the purpose of presenting the latest updates on the international level, and the most important measures and initiatives that can be of benefit in health sector, education sector, professions and social sectors too (Information and Decision Support Center System, 2020) side to side with the Regional and international efforts (Madoui & Bendjeroua, 2020’ Namsolleck & Moll, 2020). Although of having hard time and big challenges to protect ourselves and loved ones, it is always possible to keep a positive mindset and stay resilient. When we look back to the last eight months we will find out how every one of us had the opportunity to test his will power to continue our achievements in education, profession, social, health fields.

COVID-19, pandemic, psychology, health, social distance


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Madoui, A., & Bendjeroua, H. (2020). Activating virtual tourism to animate the tourist destinations in light of the emerging Corona Virus crisis Covid-19: with reference to the case of Algeria. Management & Economics Research Journal2(2Special), 50–63. doi:10.48100/merj.v2i2Special.101 [in Arabic]

Melnyk, Yu. B., & Stadnik, A. V. (2020). Medical and psychological support to specialists under conditions of pandemic COVID-19. Minerva Psichiatrica, 61(3), 109–112. doi:10.23736/s0391-1772.20.02083-X

Namsolleck, P., & Moll, G. N. (2020). Does activation of the protective Renin-Angiotensin System have therapeutic potential in COVID-19? Molecular Medicine26, 80. doi:10.1186/s10020-020-00211-0

Naseem, Z., & Khalid, R. (2010). Positive thinking in coping with stress and health outcomes: Literature review. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, 4(1), 42–61.

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Information about the author:

Sabra Zizi Elsayed Ibrahim –; Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt.

Cite this article as:

Sabra, Z. E. I. (2020). COVID-19 Worries and Opportunities. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(2), 36-37. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.6

An Invisible Virus Has Made Visible Many Underestimated Problems in Medical Education and Research
Georgieva L. M.1, Borisova B. V.1
1 Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria


In days of Global and national stress-tragedies, when what we considered to be a stable value is shaken, our eyes turn to a critical rethinking of the past. Today’s reality needs more than ever not only urgent practical procedures, restrictions, etc., but a very deep and unified concept and strategy based on sound philosophy and analyses. Evidence-based practical action is the philosophy of our behavior today. But do we have enough evidence and what are they? This is the question that still has no definite answers. Medicine is rightly proud of many of its achievements. But today, her pride is overshadowed by her inability to defeat a microscopic invisible enemy of human health. We must be honest: it turned out that medicine is strong in new modern technologies, but it is powerless to manage an invisible enemy, massively threatening the health of the Planet. It turned out that medicine is poorly prepared for surprises – not only to meet them, but also to anticipate them. Medicine is an art of probability and it must permanently prove the most probable predictions and the most effective actions. Now, by accident, the means used are mainly from the middle of the twentieth Century, from this classic epidemiology that we had forgotten. But now we are not the twentieth Century, and the media constantly suggests to us as fateful paths “social distance” and “social isolation”.


medical education, research, COVID-19


Komarov, Y., & Fishman, B. (2019). The problem of transition from curative to preventive medicine in the 21st century (A brief overview of the state of medicine at the present stage). American Journal of Biomedical Science & Research, 4(5), 329–331. doi:10.34297/AJBSR.2019.04.000828

Melnyk, Yu. B., Pypenko, I. S., & Maslov, Yu. V. (2020). CoVID-19 pandemic as a factor revolutionizing the industry of higher education. Rupkatha Journal, 12(5). doi:10.21659/rupkatha.v12n5.rioc1s19n2

Pirogov, N. I. (1961). Nachala obshhej voenno-polevoj hirurgii [The beginnings of general military field surgery] (Vol. 5). Moscow: Medgiz. [in Russian]

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World Health Organization. (2020). WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Retrieved from






Information about the authors:

Georgieva Lidia Mladenova (Corresponding Author) –; Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine, MD, Professor, Department of Social Medicine, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria. 

Borisova Boryana Veselinova –; Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine, Associate Professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, Medical University – Sofia, Bulgaria.

Cite this article as:

Georgieva, L. M., & Borisova, B. V. (2020). An Invisible Virus Has Made Visible Many Underestimated Problems in Medical Education and Research. International Journal of Science Annals, 3 (2), 34-35. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.5

International View at Health: World after Pandemic COVID-19
Melnyk Yu. B.1,2
1Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health” (KRPOCH), Ukraine
Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine

Background and Aim of Study: Nowadays the whole human race is undergoing a crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, whose duration and consequences are difficult to forecast. In the face of the real danger we begin redefining conceptual bases of mankind, as well as the role of the state as a guarantor of the health safety of its citizens and the world community. The aim of the study: to explore the influence of different approaches to solving the pandemic problem in Ukraine, Singapore, and China on the indicators of COVID-19 dynamics. Material and Methods: A complex of methods was used: theoretical – factor-criterion analysis, abstraction, comparison, synthesis, systematisation, generalisation; empirical – observational methods (systematic observation); methods of mathematical analysis. Results: The study of the indicators dynamics showed that different approaches to solving the pandemic problem in Ukraine and Singapore had significant differences. Compared to Singapore in Ukraine for 4 months in 2020, the number of COVID-19 cases is 22.5 times higher, the number of recovered is only 6.5 times higher, and the number of deaths is multiple times higher: 2908.5 times. The connection between the dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic (cases, recovered, deaths) in Ukraine, Singapore, China and the measures taken by the governments of these countries, as well as the personal responsibility of the population, was determined in the study. Conclusions: The infection which appeared in one country can transform into a global world problem in a matter of seconds. Responsible policy and practice instead of manipulation and bureaucracy are able to protect people of the risk group and create favourable conditions for life activity of those who do not belong to this group. Important factors in successfully overcoming the pandemic is the personal responsibility of citizens and health culture of the population.

COVID-19, pandemic, indicators, dynamics, health culture


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Melnyk, Yu. B. (2002). Formuvannia kultury zdorovia uchniv pochatkovoi shkoly [Formation of the health culture of primary school pupils]. Pedahohika, psykholohiia ta medyko-biolohichni problemy fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu – Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 23, 37–49. [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2004). Dialektyka zdorovia [The dialectics of health]. In F. V. Lazarev (Ed.), World Ethical Forum “One world – a healthy person” (pp. 214–216). Yalta, Crimea. [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2005, April). Fenomen “kuljtura zdorov’ja” (metodologhichnyj ta metodychnyj aspekty) [The phenomenon of “health culture” (methodological and methodological aspects)]. In G. L. Apanasenko (Ed.), World Ethical Forum “Ethics and Humanism” (pp. 177–179). Alushta, Crimea. [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2012). Kontseptualni zasady formuvannia kultury zdorovia osobystosti molodshoho shkoliara [Conceptual basis of personality’s younger schoolboy health culture formation]. Kharkiv: KRPOCH. doi:10.26697/9789669726001.2012 [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, Yu. (2017). Monitoring of formation health culture of schoolchildren. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(4), 2073–2079. doi:10.7752/jpes.2017.s4210

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2010). Sotsialno-pedahohichni zasady formuvannia kultury zdorovia v uchniv pochatkovoi shkoly [Socially-pedagogical basis of elementary school pupils health culture formation (Dissertation Abstract, Taras Shevchenko Luhansk National University, Luhansk, Ukraine). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, Yu. B., & Sviachena, S. M. (2000). Kultura zdorovia: avtorska prohrama spetskursu dlia uchniv I-III klasiv [Health culture: author’s program of a special course for pupils of classes I-III]. Kharkiv: NVK No. 12. [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2007). Teoretychne obgruntuvannia sotsialno-pedahohichnoi tekhnolohii formuvannia kultury zdorovia v pochatkovii shkoli [Theoretical substantiation of socio-pedagogical technology of health culture formation in primary school]. Visnyk Kharkivskoi derzhavnoi akademii kultury – Bulletin of the Kharkiv State Academy of Culture, 21, 234–241. [in Ukrainian]

Pirtle, W. N. L. (2020). Racial capitalism: A fundamental cause of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic inequities in the United States. Health Education & Behavior, 47(4), 504–508. doi:10.1177/1090198120922942

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Information about the author:

Melnyk Yuriy Borysovych –; Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Associate Professor; Founder and Chairman of the Board, Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”; Director, Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH; Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Cite this article as:

Melnyk, Yu. B. (2020). International View at Health: World after Pandemic COVID-19. International Journal of Science Annals, 3 (2), 24-32. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.4

Perception of Students on Online Self-Assessment Tool in Anatomy During COVID-19 Crisiss 
Chakrabarti S.1, Vidya B. M.1
1 Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India



Background and Aim of Study: As anatomy subject is the basis of the MBBS curriculum, it’s clear understanding and knowledge is needed. Syllabus of anatomy is vast and also volatile, to summarise large amounts of facts and train students for acquisition of the skills, we believe that students learn by practice. Due to COVID-19 crisis on educational system online learning and assessment of students has become a preferable replacement of conventional in person teaching and learning. The aim of the study: to determine the perception of first year MBBS students on online self-assessment tool in anatomy, to evaluate their academic achievements during COVID-19 crisis. Material and Methods: The present study included 50 students of first year MBBS of Saveetha Medical College. Steps to conduct the aim for divided in two google forms, one contains challenging questions on the topic Lungs and Heart and other was a questionnaire to know the students’ perception on this online assessment tool. Results: It was observed that majority of the students have attempted the first google form and have also performed really well in it. 80% of the students were successful in giving the right answer for the questions given. In the second google form, which was a questionnaire, 85% of the students have found this online self-assessment to be really useful, interesting and easy way of learning. They found the questions to be challenging and help them to remember the topic in a long run. 91% of the students have liked the way of learning. Conclusions: Online self-assessment tool definitely proved to be a student friendly method of learning. This method gave them a way to learn and practice their subject topics as well as helped them in improving their perception and memory.
education, students, perception, memory, anatomy, COVID-19

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Information about the authors:

Chakrabarti Sudakshina; Doctor of Medicine, Associate Professor of Anatomy, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India.
Vidya Bhansali Miss; Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, India

Cite this article as:

Chakrabarti, S., & Vidya, B. M. (2020). Perception of Students on Online Self-Assessment Tool in Anatomy During COVID-19 Crisis. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(2), 16–22. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.3

The Impact of Social Distancing Measures on Higher Education Stakeholders
Pypenko I. S.1,2,3, Maslov Yu. V.4, Melnyk Yu. B.2,3
Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics, Ukraine
2 Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health” (KRPOCH), Ukraine
Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine
4 Belarusian State Economic University, Belarus





Background and Aim of Study: The global CoVID-19 pandemic has affected education systems dramatically. Remote teaching/learning practices have become everyday reality across the globe. The aim of the study: to assess the level of readiness of higher education stakeholders for distance learning/remote teaching, and to evaluate the role of social distancing measures. Material and Methods: 594 stakeholders (216 teachers and 378 students) provided anonymous responses to a questionnaire. Teacher did so during the round table discussion during the 6th International Academic Conference “Psychological and Pedagogical Problems of Modern Specialist Formation” (June 2020). Students responded using Viber, WhatsApp, and Telegram. Validation by Pearson method χ2 produced statistically significant results (df=4, χ22=22.083, р<0.01; df=4, χ23=44.389, р<0.01; df=4, χ24=29.666, р<0.01). Results: 62.9% of teachers and 56.6% of students consider educational institutions ready for distance learning. The majority of teachers/students seem to be prepared for it (81.0% and 93.4% respectively). 68.5% of teachers are positive about educational outcomes (contrasted with 90.0% of students). Only 37.0% of teachers and 21.7% of students assess the impact of social distancing measures on physical and mental health positively. Conclusions: The survey results prove that social distancing measures impact on higher education is significant. The respondents assess highly their individual levels of preparedness and of satisfaction, students displaying higher levels of both. However, the view on social distancing measures impact on physical and mental health is more negative, the trend being more visible in student responses.
higher education, stakeholders, social distancing, emergency remote teaching/learning, physical and mental health

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Information about the authors:

Pypenko Iryna Sergiivna (Corresponding Author) –; Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, Associate Professor, Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics; Co-Director, Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH; Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Maslov Yuri Vsevolodovich –; Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Belarusian State Economic University, Minsk, Belarus.

Melnyk Yuriy Borysovych –; Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Associate Professor; Founder and Chairman of the Board, Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”; Director, Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH; Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Cite this article as:

Pypenko, I. S., Maslov, Yu. V., & Melnyk, Yu. B. (2020). The Impact of Social Distancing Measures on Higher Education Stakeholders. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(2), 9–14. doi:10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.2

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