Psychological Distress among Students and Cadets of Universities in the War Conditions
Stadnik A. V.1,4, Melnyk Yu. B.2,3, Babak S. A.1, Vashchenko I. V.1, Krut P. P.1
1 Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine
2 Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”, Ukraine
3 Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine
4 Social-Psychological Center KRPOCH, Ukraine


Background and Aim of Study: The full-scale military aggression against Ukraine in February 2022 had an extremely negative impact on the psyche of its residents. This is especially felt by young people who should continue studying at universities in these difficult conditions.
The aim of the study: To identify the specifics of psychotraumatic impact in the conditions of war and martial law on university students and cadets, to detail their level of stress, anxiety and depression.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in November 2022 based on KNUIA, Ukraine. Respondents aged 20-27 were divided into 3 groups: 1) 115 cadets: 85.22% men and 14.78% women, who are outside of permanent deployment; 2) 107 students: 59.81% men and 40.19% women, who are forcibly displaced persons in Ukraine and abroad; 3) 103 students: 50.49% men and 49.51% women, located in Kharkiv and Kharkiv region. A Google-form questionnaire was used to study the level and nature of psychotraumatization. Data collection on the level of stress and its content was carried out using the DASS-21 tool.
Results: Among the group 3 respondents, the psychotraumatic impact is characterized by high tension and the specific weight of vital psychogenia. Severe and extremely severe manifestations of anxiety in group 3 students were 2-3 times higher than the similar indicators of groups 1, 2 respondents. Manifestations of depression among women are the highest in group 3 respondents. Stress was more expressed among men in all groups. Group 3 respondents had the highest stress indicators among men.
Conclusions: The negative impact of the war in Ukraine on the student youth’ mental health requires the active implementation of psychological assistance and psychoprophylaxis measures in accordance with the individual results of psychodiagnostics. 



mental health, psychotraumatic impact, anxiety, depression, stress, students, war



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Information about the author:

Stadnik Anatoliy Volodymyrovych (Corresponding Author) – https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1472-4224; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Doctor of Philosophy in Medicine, Associate Professor, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs; Director, Social-Psychological Center KRPOCH; Kharkiv, Ukraine
Melnyk Yuriy Borysovychhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8527-4638; Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Associate Professor; Chairman of Board, Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health” (KRPOCH); Director, Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine
Babak Serhiy Anatoliyovychhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2248-454X; Doctor of Philosophy in Military Science, Senior Researcher, Head of the Department of Military Training, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine
Vashchenko Ihor Vladyslavovychhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1444-7538; Doctor of Philosophy in History, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Military Training, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Krut Petro Pavlovychhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4554-7870; Doctor of Philosophy in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Military Training, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Cite this article as:


Stadnik, A. V., Melnyk, Yu. B., Babak, S. A., Vashchenko, I. V., & Krut, P. P. (2022). Psychological distress among students and cadets of universities in the war conditions. International Journal of Science Annals, 5(1-2), 20–29. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2022.1-2.0


Stadnik, A. V., Melnyk, Yu. B., Babak, S. A., Vashchenko, I. V., & Krut, P. P. 2022. "Psychological distress among students and cadets of universities in the war conditions". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 5(1-2), pp. 20–29. viewed 25 December 2022, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2022.1-2.0.pdf


Stadnik A. V., Melnyk Yu. B., Babak S. A., Vashchenko I. V., & Krut P. P. Psychological distress among students and cadets of universities in the war conditions. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2022 [cited 25 December 2022]; 5(1-2): 20–29. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2022.1-2.0.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2022.1-2.0

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