|1 National Chengchi University, Taiwan|
Background: The COVID-19 epidemic is affecting the work of people around the world including students who have to graduate and to decide in choosing a civil servant career. The aim of the study: to explore the motivating factors influencing the decision for the 4th year students of Chiang Mai University to enter the civil service during the COVID era. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University. The sample in this study consisted of 362 people. Multiple regression analysis was used to find a linear equation that expressed the relationship between motivating factors and decision-making. Results: The findings of this research showed that choosing civil services as a career of fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University during the COVID-19 outbreak was high with an average of 3.60. According to hypothesis testing, the factors affecting levels of favorable decision in choosing a civil service career were statistically significant at the 0.05 level in descending order as follows: security, compensation and benefits, values, career path and job characteristics. The influence of personal factors on choosing civil service jobs were not significantly different at the 0.05 level, except the family income factor that influences choosing civil service jobs. Conclusions: It was found that personal factors which consisted of gender, domicile, grade point average and average family income per month affecting different government career choices and factors in motivation in deciding to choose a government career containing job characteristics, compensation factor and welfare factors career advancement factors, security factor and value factors had a negative effect on the level of decision-making on the choice of civil service careers.
Alderfer, C. P. (1969). An empirical test of a new theory of human needs. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 4(2), 142–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-5073(69)90004-X
Alniacik, U., Alniacik, E., Akcin K., & Erat, S. (2012). Relationships between career motivation, affective commitment and job satisfaction. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 58, 355–362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.1011
Amornwongpaiboon, C., & Arsuwattanakul, C. (2018). The decision making to work in the civil service career of senior students, Kasetsart University, Bangkhen Campus. Journal of Interdisciplinary Research: Graduate Studies, 7(1), 178–187. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3245057
Banchanont, P. (2017, January 6). Analysis of Thailand 4.0: National vision that still lack details. BBC. http://www.bbc.com/thai/thailand-38527250
Deal, J., Altman, D., & Rogelberg, S. (2010). Millennials at work: What we know and what we need to do (if anything). Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(2), 191–199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-010-9177-2
Ford, M. E. (1992). Motivating humans: Goals, emotions, and personal agency beliefs. SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483325361
Haar, J., Russo, M., Suñe, A., & Ollier-Malaterre, A. (2014). Outcomes of work-life balance on job satisfaction, life satisfaction and mental health: A study across seven cultures. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 85(3), 361–373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2014.08.010
Hauw, S., & Vos, A. (2010). Millennials’ career perspective and psychological contract expectations: Does the recession lead to lowered expectations? Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(2), 293–302. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-010-9162-9
Hitt, M. A., Holmes, R. M., & Arreglec, J.-L. (2021). The (COVID-19) pandemic and the new world (dis)order. Journal of World Business, 56(4), 101210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2021.101210
Jauhar, J., Ting, Ch. S., & Rahim, N. F. (2017). The impact of reward and transformational leadership on the intention to quit of Generation Y employees in oil and gas industry: Moderating role of job satisfaction. Global Business and Management Research, 9(4), 426–441.
Melnyk, Yu. B. (2020). International view at health: World after pandemic COVID-19. International Journal of Science Annals, 3(2), 24–32. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2020.2.4
Srinivasan, V. (2012). Multi generations in the workforce: Building collaboration. IIMB Management Review, 24(1), 48–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iimb.2012.01.004
The Bank of Thailand. (2020). Report on the situation of the COVID-19 virus affecting financial markets. https://www.bot.or.th/Thai/BOTMagazine/Pages/256305TheKnowledge_DebtMeasure.aspx#
The International Labour Organization. (2020, April 29). ILO Monitor: COVID-19 and the world of work. Third edition. Updated estimates and analysis. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@dgreports/@dcomm/documents/briefingnote/wcms_743146.pdf
The Office of the Civil Service Commission. (2021). Roles and responsibilities of OCSC. https://www.ocsc.go.th/english/ocsc
The National Economic and Social Development Council (2020). Economic Outlook. https://www.nesdc.go.th/main.php?filename=QGDP_report
The Secretariat of the House of Representatives, (2018). Report on Reform of the Government Compensation System and Benefits. https://www.parliament.go.th/ewtadmin/ewt/parliament_parc-y/ewt_dl_link.php?nid=52029&filename=index
The World Bank. (2018). Doing business 2019: Training for reform. World Bank Publications. https://www.doingbusiness.org/en/reports/global-reports/doing-business-2019
Yamane, T. (1973). Statistics: An introductory analysis (3rd ed.). Harper & Row.
Zizek, S. (2020). Pandemic!: COVID-19 shakes world. John Wiley & Sons.
Lhakard Polwasit – https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3617-9044;
Lhakard, P. (2021). Motivation and decision in choosing civil services as a career of fourth-year students at Chiang Mai University due to the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Science Annals, 4(1), 8-14. https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.2
Lhakard, P., 2021. "Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 4(1), pp. 8-14. viewed 30 June 2021, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.2.pdf
Lhakard P. Message from the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal of Science Annals. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2021 [cited 30 June 2021]; 4(1): 8-14. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2021.1.2.pdf https://doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2021.1.1