Behavioral Tendencies of Single Parent Students
|1 Sinop University, Turkey|
Background and Aim of Study: A Family is social unit of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption and having a shared commitment to the mutual relationship. The definition of single parent is someone who has a child or children but no husband, wife, or partner who lives with them. Death of a partner and divorce are main causes of being single parent. Children are affected by divorce in many different ways, varying by the circumstances and age of the child. Children whose ages are seven to twelve are much better at expressing emotions and accepting parentage breakage, but often distrust their parents, rely on outside help and support for encouragement, and may manifest social and academic problems. The aim of the study: to find out teachers opinion of single parents’ students’ behavioral tendency. Material and Methods: This qualitative study represents 30 teachers’ opinions on single parent students’ problems. Results: Not only in deep theoretical framework but also recent studies underline the importance of healthy family relation on child wellbeing. Every child may have potential for single parent in nowadays society. Experienced elementary teachers claim that single parent students are more submissive and aggressive. In addition of this, they are less assertive when comparing to their two parents counterparts. Conclusions: Not only school psychologists and guidance practitioners but also teachers and school principles should be aware of the potential single parent students’ needs. Being more assertive or aggressive creates fewer opportunity for single parent students. Productive society will be raised with only equal sublimation of all children’s developments.
single parent students, elementary teachers, behavioral tendencies; assertiveness; aggressiveness; submissiveness.
Alberti, R., & Emmons, M. (1998). Atılganlık Hakkınızı Kullanın [Your Perfect Right: Assertiveness and Equality in Your Life and Relationships] (7thed.). Ankara: HYB Yayıncılık. [in Turkish]
Ash, P., & Guyer, M. (1986). The functions of psychiatric evaluations in contested child custody and visitation cases. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25(4), 554–561.
Beech-Lublin, V. (1985). Factors that facilitate child adjustment following divorce. Los Angeles: American Psychological Association.
Berman, W. (1988). The role of attachment in the post-divorce experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 496–503.
Bowlby, J. (1988). A secure base: Parent-child attachment and healthy human development. New York: Basic Books.
Cooney, T., Smyer, M., Hagestad, G., & Klock, R. (1986). Parental divorce in young adulthood: Some preliminary findings. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 53, 470–477.
Deluty, R., & Usakli, H. (2009). Saldirgan, atilgan ve cekingen davranma (ma) yollari [The ways (not) to behave aggressively, impulsively, and timidly]. Coluk Cocuk – Child and Family, 86, 20-21. [in Turkish]
Emmer, E. T., Evertson, C. M., & Worsham, M. E. (2003). Classroom management for secondary teachers (6th ed). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Feldman, S. S., & Wentzel, K. R. (1990). Relations among family interaction patterns, classroom self-restraint, and academic achievement in preadolescent boys. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 813–819.
Frost, N. (2011). Discourse Analysis Approaches. In N. Frost (Ed.), Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology Combining Core Approaches. New York: Open University Press.
Greenberg, J. S. (2002). Comprehensive Stress Management (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Companies.
Guidubaldi, J., & Perly, J. D. (1985). Divorce and mental health sequelae for children: A two year follow-up of a nationwide sample. Journal of theAmerican Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24(5), 531–537.
Hairston, C. F. (2007). Focus on Children with Incarcerated Parents: An Overview of the Research Literature. Baltimore: The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
Herwig, J. E., Wirtz, M., & Bengel, J. (2004). Depression, partnership, social support, and parenting: Interaction of maternal factors with behavioral problems of the child. Journal of Affective Disorders, 80, 199–208.
Hetherington, E. M., Cox, M., & Cox, R. (1985). Long-term effects of divorce and remarriage on the adjustment of children. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24(5), 518–530.
Jackson, A. P. (2000). Maternal self-efficacy and children’s influence on stress and parenting among single black mothers in poverty. Journal of Family Issues, 21, 3–16.
Jonsson, F. H., Njardik, U., Olafsdottir, G., & Gretarsson, S. J. (2000). Parental divorce: Long-term effects on mental health, family relations and adult sexual behavior. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 41, 101–105.
Kader, M. U. (2018). Stepping into a new struggle: low-ses divorced single mothers’ experiences in relation to family resources and social policies in Turkey. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Middle East Technical University: Ankara.
Karasar, N. (2008). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemi: Kavramlar, İlkeler, Teknikleri [Scientific research method: concepts, principles, techniques]. Ankara: Nobel. [in Turkish]
Lieblich, A., Tuval-Mashiach, R., & Zilber, T. (1998). Narrative research: reading, analysis and interpretation. London: Sage Publications.
Meyer, K. G., & Simons, V. A. (1988). Questions and issues related to social policies as they impact on very young children and their families who are caught in the divorce process. San Francisco: American Orthopsychiatric Association.
Morganett, S. R. (2005). Yaşam becerileri ergenler için grupla psikolojik danişma uygulamalari [Life skills group psychological counseling practices for adolescents]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayincilik. [in Turkish]
Nazlı, S. (2003). Aile Danışmanlığı [Family Counseling] (2nd ed.). Ankara: Nobel. [in Turkish]
Schaie, K. W., & Willis, S. L. (1996). Adult development and ageing (4th ed.). New York: Haper Collins.
Şentürk, Ü. (2012). Parçalanmış Aile Çocuklarının Eğitimdeki Başarı/Başarısizlık Durumu (Malatya Örneği 2006) [Educational Success/Failure Status of Fragmented Family Children (Malatya Case 2006)]. Sosyal Politika Çalışmaları Dergisi – Journal of Social Policy Studies, 12(7), 105–126. [in Turkish]
Sorensen, S. (2005). Assertiveness and understanding it by Stuart Sorensen – RMN. Retrieved from http://www.mhsanctuary.com/articles/assert.htm
Soyaslan, D. (1998). Kriminoloji (suç ve ceza bilimleri) [Criminology (crime and criminal science)]. Ankara: Ankara Üniversitesi. [in Turkish]
Uşaklı, H. (2007). Aile ve Öğretmenlerin Öğrencileri Tanıma Becerilerindeki Değişmeler [Changes in Family and Teachers' Students' Recognition Skills]. Sempozyum: XVI. Ulusal Eğitim Bilimleri Kongresi. Retrieved from https://www.pegem.net/Akademi/kongrebildiri_detay.aspx?id=5132 [in Turkish]
Uluğ, M., & Candan, G. (2008, March). Parçalanmış (Boşanmış) Aile Sorununun Öğrenciye Etkisi [The Student Effect of the Broken (Divorced) Family Problem]. Eğitim Psikolojisi Sempozyumu – Educational Psychology Symposium, İstanbul. [in Turkish]
Uluğtekin, S. (1991). Hükümlü çocuk ve yeniden toplumsallaşma [Convicted child and re-socialization]. Ankara. [in Turkish]
UNESCO. (2000). Behaviour Modification – MODULE 4. In W. Guez, & J. Allen (Eds.). France: UNESCO.
Wade, C., & Tavris, C. (1990). Psychology (2nd ed.). New York: Harper-Collins.
Wallerstein, J. S. (1984). Children of divorce: Preliminary report of a ten-year follow-up of young children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 54(3), 444–458.
Wallerstein, J. S., & Blakeslee, S. (1989). Second chances: Men, women, and children a decade after divorce. New York: Ticknow and Fields.
Yavuzer, H. (2001). Çocuk Psikolojisi [Child Pschology] (20th ed.). İstanbul: Remzi Kitabevi. [in Turkish]
Yılıdırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Qualitative research methods in the social sciences] (6th ed.). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık. [in Turkish]
Information about the author:
Usakli Hakan – https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4307-2226; Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Elementary and Early Childhood Education; Sinop University; Sinop; Turkey.
Cite this article as:
Usakli, H. (2018). Behavioral tendencies of single parent students. International Journal of Science Annals, 1(1-2), 21-27. https://dx.doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2018.1-2.03
Usakli, H., 2018. "Behavioral tendencies of single parent students". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 1(1-2), pp.21-27. viewed 30 November 2018, https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2018.1.03.pdf
Usakli, H. Behavioral tendencies of single parent students. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2018 [cited 30 November 2018];1(1-2):21-27. Available from: https://culturehealth.org/ijsa_archive/ijsa.2018.1.03.pdf https://dx.doi.org/10.26697/ijsa.2018.1-2.03