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The Legitimacy of Artificial Intelligence and the Role of ChatBots in Scientific Publications
Melnyk Yu. B. 1,2, Pypenko I. S. 1,2,3
1 Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”, Ukraine
2 Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine
3 Educational Center KRPOCH, Ukraine


Background and Aim of Study: Developing and using ChatBots based on artificial intelligence (AI) has raised issues about their legitimacy in scientific research. Authors have increasingly begun to use AI tools, but their role in scientific publications remains unrecognized. In addition, there are still no accepted norms for the use of ChatBots, and there are no rules for how to cite them when writing a scientific paper.
The aim of the study: to consider the main issues related to the use of AI that arise for authors and publishers when preparing scientific publications for publication; to develop a basic logo that reflects the role and level of involvement of the AI and the specific ChatBots in a particular study.
Results: We offer the essence of the definition “Human-AI System”. This plays an important role in the structure of scientific research in the study of this new phenomenon. In exploring the legitimacy of using AI-based ChatBots in scientific research, we offer a method for indicating AI involvement and the role of ChatBots in a scientific publication. A specially developed base logo is visually easy to perceive and can be used to indicate ChatBots’ involvement and contributions to the paper for publication.
Conclusions: The existing positive aspects of using ChatBots, which greatly simplify the process of preparing and writing scientific publications, may far outweigh the small inaccuracies they may allow. In this Editorial, we invite authors and publishers to discuss the issue of the legitimacy we give to AI, and the need to define the role and contribution that ChatBots can make to scientific publication.



ChatBot, artificial intelligence, Human-AI System, legitimacy, logo, scientific publication



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Information about the authors:

Melnyk Yuriy Borysovych (Corresponding Author) –; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy, Associate Professor; Chairman of Board, Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health” (KRPOCH); Director, Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH, Ukraine.

Pypenko Iryna Sergiivna; Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, Associate Professor, Secretary of Board, Kharkiv Regional Public Organization “Culture of Health”; Co-Director, Scientific Research Institute KRPOCH; Director, Educational Center KRPOCH, Ukraine

Cite this article as:


Melnyk, Yu. B., & Pypenko, I. S. (2023). The legitimacy of artificial intelligence and the role of ChatBots in scientific publications. International Journal of Science Annals, 6(1), 5–10.


Melnyk, Yu. B., & Pypenko, I. S. 2023. "The Legitimacy of Artificial Intelligence and the Role of ChatBots in Scientific Publications". International Journal of Science Annals, [online] 6(1), pp. 5–10. viewed 30 June 2023,


Melnyk Yu. B., & Pypenko I. S. The Legitimacy of Artificial Intelligence and the Role of ChatBots in Scientific Publications. International Journal of Science Annals [Internet]. 2023 [cited 30 June 2023]; 6(1): 5–10. Available from:

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